PUTIN'S KLEPTOCRACY: Who Owns Russia ?

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PUTIN'S KLEPTOCRACY: Who Owns Russia ?

文章 Wildcat » 18-04-2017, 18:57 •  [Post 1 樓]

Russian society has had years of turbulence that produced decreased birth rates and increased mortality rates, especially among Russia’s men. While PUTIN’S earlier years brought greater social stability, this has eroded since the mid-2000s, so that by 2012 the 1.7 births per Russian woman, although slightly higher than previously (thanks to numbers from non-Russian republics like Chechnya, Dagestan, and Tuva), was still 20 percent below replacement level. Birth rates are not that different from European norms, but statistics on mortality rates are striking. The lack of adequate medical care produces FIVE TIMES MORE deaths from cardiovascular disease among women in Russia than in Europe. MORE Russian women DIE annually FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE than the number of soldiers the USSR lost in the entire Afghan war, For Russian men, the situation is even grimmer. Poor workplace and road safety standards, plus high rates of suicide and homicide combine with the negative health effects of high alcohol consumption to make life especially precarious for Russian men. According to the World Health Organization, the life expectancy of a fifteen-year-old male is three years lower in Russia than in Haiti. Added to these demographic maladies are the MILLIONS of Russians, mainly GIRLS, that HAD LOST TO SEX TRAFFICKING. Russia’s compliance with international conventions on human trafficking declined for nine straight years, and in 2013 the U.S. State Department finally gave Russia’s compliance the lowest ranking possible, below Rwanda.
Professor Karen Dawisha
Publisher: Simon & Schuster

KLEPTOCRACY: a society whose leaders make themselves rich and powerful by stealing from the rest of the people

precarious (情勢)不穩定的,不確定的,危險的

TRAFFICKING 非法交易

compliance 服從;遵守;依從

最後由 Wildcat 於 19-04-2017, 13:27 編輯,總共編輯了 1 次。
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Re: PUTIN'S KLEPTOCRACY: Who Owns Russia ?

文章 Wildcat » 18-04-2017, 20:06 •  [Post 2 樓]

These statistics are directly affected by corruption. When the health budget is raided and stolen, funds dry up for neonatal care, medicines to treat cancer, public health campaigns against HIV and drug-resistant tuberculosis, and improved emergency response. Russian committed to building its first eight-bed women’s shelter in St. Petersburg, but by 2013 it STILL had NOT opened. Despite receiving $1.6 trillion from oil and gas exports from 2000 to 2011, Russian was NOT able to build a single multi-lane highway during this time. There is still NO interstate highway linking Moscow to the Far East; in contrast, China, another top-down authoritarian regime, has built 4,360 miles of modern highways annually for the last ten years – equivalent to two times around the circumference of the earth. The German-Russian Nord Stream (headed by Matthias Warnig, with Gerhard Schroder on the board) gas pipeline agreement signed in 2005 called for the construction of two pipelines linking Russian and Germany via deep sea routes, bypassing troublesome states in central Europe. When the first pipeline was completed in July 2010, it was revealed that the construction cost was 2.1 million euros per kilometer on the German side and 5.8 MILLION EUROS – THREE TIMES HIGHER – on the RUSSIAN SIDE. MORE THAN HALF of the $50 BILLION spent on the Sochi Olympics SIMPLY DISAPPEARED into the pockets of PUTIN’S CRONIES, according to detailed analyses by multiple Russian experts. Forbes Russia reported that over the two years prior to Sochi, when the ROTENBERG BROTHERS (PUTIN’S childhood friends and judo partners) RECEIVED 15 PERCENT of ALL the CONTRACTS for the OLYMPICS, the $2.5 BILLION INCREASE in their personal wealth was achieved at the SAME time that the state announced it would CUT HEALTH SPENDING by 8.7 PERCENT in 2013 and UP TO 17.8 PERCENT by 2015.
Professor Karen Dawisha
Publisher: Simon & Schuster

neonatal 新生兒的;新生期的

committed to 承諾,保證;(使)忠於;(使)致力於;投入(時間或金錢)

top-down 自上而下的

authoritarian regime 獨裁政權

CRONIES (尤指願意提供或接受不正當幫助的當權者的)親朋好友,親信,密友
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Re: PUTIN'S KLEPTOCRACY: Who Owns Russia ?

文章 Wildcat » 19-04-2017, 13:52 •  [Post 3 樓]

... but its economy is profoundly hamstrung by the relative lack of technological innovation. Despite the enormous reserve of talent in applied and theoretical sciences, Russia took home ONLY 0.2 percent of the 1.3 million overseas patents awarded since 2000 by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, lagging behind the state of Alabama in total annual awards. Under the Patent Cooperation Treaty the number of Russian applications per university graduate was THIRTY-FIVE TIMES LOWER THAN Austria's. The inability of well-trained young graduates to succeed as entrepreneurs and innovators in Russia has stimulated emigration and plans to emigrate. In 2011, during the more liberal Medvedev presidency, an online poll of 7,237 Novaya gazeta readers (what one might consider a microcosm of the country's educated, informed, and opposition-minded elite) found that 62 percent were considering leaving Russia, the vast majority being under thirty-five, city dwellers, and fluent in a foreign language -- a group that should be regarded as the cream of any country's population. Commenting on the results, the poll's author, Mr Dmitriy Oreshkin, stated that this wave of Russian emigration is different from others in the past in that these young people could STILL come back because they are alienated from the regime, NOT the country: "If and when Russia will begin to comply with general law, and NOT ONLY the rules of KGB corporation, and accordingly there will be opportunities for self-realization, these people will return. They hated to leave. But here (in Russia), they have nowhere to go, nothing to do, and nothing to hope for. For the last ten years, Russia has become a country ONLY for those who are either the chief or a fool. And the transition from one category to another depends NOT on personal ability, BUT EXCLUSIVELY on LOYALTY (to PUTIN) ." Ms Masha Gessen reported that the 2014 Ukraine events and the tightening of the domestic political noose SO impacted educated Muscosvites' SENSE of HOPELESSNESS that the new question was not whether or when to leave BUT "WHICH MONTH?"
Professor Karen Dawisha
Publisher: Simon & Schuster

hamstrung 使受限制;使難有作爲

patents 專利權

microcosm 縮影;微觀世界

city dwellers 城市居民

the cream of sth …的精華;…的精英

are alienated from 被格格不入;被疏遠

the chief 領導人;首領;頭目;酋長

EXCLUSIVELY 僅僅;專門;單獨

LOYALTY 忠誠,忠實

noose 問題;束縛,羈絆

impact (對…)產生影響

Muscovite 莫斯科人
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