... but its economy is profoundly hamstrung by the relative lack of technological innovation. Despite the enormous reserve of talent in applied and theoretical sciences, Russia took home ONLY 0.2 percent of the 1.3 million overseas patents awarded since 2000 by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, lagging behind the state of Alabama in total annual awards. Under the Patent Cooperation Treaty the number of Russian applications per university graduate was THIRTY-FIVE TIMES LOWER THAN Austria's. The inability of well-trained young graduates to succeed as entrepreneurs and innovators in Russia has stimulated emigration and plans to emigrate. In 2011, during the more liberal Medvedev presidency, an online poll of 7,237 Novaya gazeta readers (what one might consider a microcosm of the country's educated, informed, and opposition-minded elite) found that 62 percent were considering leaving Russia, the vast majority being under thirty-five, city dwellers, and fluent in a foreign language -- a group that should be regarded as the cream of any country's population. Commenting on the results, the poll's author, Mr Dmitriy Oreshkin, stated that this wave of Russian emigration is different from others in the past in that these young people could STILL come back because they are alienated from the regime, NOT the country: "If and when Russia will begin to comply with general law, and NOT ONLY the rules of KGB corporation, and accordingly there will be opportunities for self-realization, these people will return. They hated to leave. But here (in Russia), they have nowhere to go, nothing to do, and nothing to hope for. For the last ten years, Russia has become a country ONLY for those who are either the chief or a fool. And the transition from one category to another depends NOT on personal ability, BUT EXCLUSIVELY on LOYALTY (to PUTIN) ." Ms Masha Gessen reported that the 2014 Ukraine events and the tightening of the domestic political noose SO impacted educated Muscosvites' SENSE of HOPELESSNESS that the new question was not whether or when to leave BUT "WHICH MONTH?"
Author: Professor Ms Karen Dawisha
Publisher: SIMON & SCHUSTER
city dwellers 城市居民
the cream of sth …的精華；…的精英
are alienated from 被格格不入；被疏遠
the chief 領導人；首領；頭目；酋長
於 30-05-2017, 10:28 編輯，總共編輯了 4 次。