感懷婦難、國難、猶難, 終身少買日、德、IBM、意貨, 少往日、德、意遊 ...

禁談國內政治、禁發廣告,否則暢所欲言!

Re: 感懷婦難、國難、猶難, 終身少買日、德、IBM、意貨, 少往日、德、意遊 ...

文章 Wildcat » 28-06-2017, 13:33 •  [Post 31 樓]

That night Mr Mordechai Anielewicz wrote to Mr Yitzhak Zuckerman, who was still in the Aryan part of Warsaw, trying to buy more weapons.

What happened exceeded our boldest dreams. The Nazis ran twice from the ghetto. One of our companies held out for forty minutes, and another for more than six hours. The mine set in the "brush makers" area exploded. Several of our companies attacked the dispersing Nazis. Our losses in manpower are minimal. This is also an achievement ... I feel that great things are happening and what we dared to do is of great, enormous importance ...

Beginning from today we shall shift over to the partisan tactic. Three battle companies will move out tonight, with two tasks: reconnaissance and obtaining arms .... Short-range weapons are of no use to us .... What we need urgently: grenades, rifles, machine guns, and explosives.

BEYOND COURAGE: The Untold Story of Jewish Resistance During the Holocaust

Author: Ms Doreen Rappaport
Publisher: CANDLEWICK PRESS

Aryan (尤指淺色頭髮、藍眼睛、被納粹認為是最優等人種的)雅利安人的,北歐人的

hold out 抵抗,抵禦

companies (尤指軍隊中營下轄的)連,連隊

explosives 炸藥,爆炸物;引爆裝置

the Holocaust (第二次世界大戰前及期間納粹分子對猶太人的) 大屠殺
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Re: 感懷婦難、國難、猶難, 終身少買日、德、IBM、意貨, 少往日、德、意遊 ...

文章 Wildcat » 04-07-2017, 16:35 •  [Post 32 樓]

感懷婦難, 終身少買日貨 ...

不接受被侵犯, 就被 “大” 日本皇軍槍殺 …

From Tsen’s Diary

As a matter of fact, the Japanese soldiers go to private residences to sleep, dragging husbands out. If husband refuse to leave, they are shot to death. If wives refuse to obey the Japanese soldiers’ sexual demands, they are shot too.

THE UNDAUNTED WOMEN OF NANKING: THE WARTIME DIARIES OF MS MINNIE VAUTRIN AND MS TSEN SHUI-FANG

Author: Edited and translated by Ms Hua-ling Hu and Mr Zhang Lian-hong
Publisher: SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY PRESS

As a matter of fact 其實,實際上

residences 住所;住房;宅第

UNDAUNTED 頑強的,百折不撓的
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文章 Wildcat » 05-07-2017, 11:25 •  [Post 33 樓]

In his book Hitler's Priests, the US historian Mr Kevin Spincer shows that around 150 Catholic priests were members of the German National Socialist Party (NSDAP). They saw no conflict between the membership in the NSDAP and the teaching of the Catholic Church. The ideological principles that led them to turn to National Socialism included radical German nationalism, anticommunism, and anti-Semitism. After Hilter's seizure of power, National Socialist priests acted as open propagandists for the Nazis party. Men such as Richard Kleine, a cleric and teacher of religion from Duderstadt, or Johann Pircher, a parish priest from the South Tyrol, built up a conspiratorial network of National Socialist priests. 'Nazis Pircher' tirelessly fought for reconciliation between the Church and the NSDAP in Vienna, and in 1938 Kleine and Pircher formed the 'Group of National Socialist Priests' -- by no means the only Nazis organization for Nazis clerics. Alban Schachleiter, the exiled abbot of the Emmaus monastery near Prague, had his national pride deeply wounded by the proclamation of the independence of Czechoslovakia in 1918. He felt more and more like the only prelate in the Catholic Church who was in a friendly relationship with Hilter. But there were other friends of Hilter in priestly robes. They all believed, like Bishop Hudal, in a possible rapprochement between National Socialism and Christianity. Philipp Hauser was another convinced Nazi and confidant of Hitler's, and also a priest. Invited as a guest of honour to the Nuremberg rally in 1939, he received a silver medal from Hilter in person. After the war, this history was quickly hushed up. The Catholic Church was even seen as one of the social bastions against complete Gleichschaltung under the National Socialist regime.

NAZIS ON THE RUN: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Justice

Author: Mr GERALD STEINACHER (an assistant professor of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
Publisher: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Priests 神父,牧師,司鐸

Catholic 天主教徒/ 天主教的

National Socialism 納粹党人,納粹分子(1933至1945年間統治德國的國家社會黨黨員)

radical 激進的;過激的;極端的

anti-Semitism 反猶太主義,排猶主義

seizure of power 對權力的攫取

propagandists 宣傳者;鼓吹者

cleric 教士,牧師;神職人員

parish priest 教區神父

conspiratorial 陰謀的;密謀的

build (sb/sth) up 增強,加強;增大

tirelessly 不知疲倦地,不覺疲勞地

reconciliation 調和;和諧;一致

by no means 決不,一點都不

exiled (尤指出於政治原因的) 流放的,放逐的,流亡的

abbot 男修道院院長

monastery 修道院;寺院;隱修院

wounded 受傷害的

proclamation 公告;宣言;聲明

Czechoslovakia 捷克斯洛伐克

prelate 高級教士

priestly 神職人員的

robes 長袍,罩袍;(尤指特別正式場合穿的)袍服,禮袍

Bishop 主教

rapprochement (與敵對群體或敵對之人達成的) 和睦,和解,恢復友好關係

Christianity 基督教

convinced (信仰) 虔誠的,堅定的

confidant 知心朋友,知己,密友

guest of honour 貴賓

rally (尤指為表明支援某種主張的) 集會,群衆大會

hush sth up 隱瞞,掩飾 (真相)

bastions 堡壘

regime 政府;政權;政體
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Re: 感懷婦難、國難、猶難, 終身少買日、德、IBM、意貨, 少往日、德、意遊 ...

文章 Wildcat » 06-07-2017, 11:28 •  [Post 34 樓]

The papal archives could provide information about Vatican diplomacy between 1933 and 1945; HOWEVER, the Vatican remains the ONLY European state that WITHHOLDS free access to its archives from contemporary historians. The archives for the office of Pius XI, up to 1939, have only recently been opened. Documents on the pontificate of Pius XII from 1939 REMAIN classified. The archives of these years are CRUCIAL if many questions about the Holocaust and the Second World War are to BE answered and if the many uncertainties concerning Nazi refugee assistance by the Vatican are to BE removed ...

NAZIS ON THE RUN: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Justice

Author: Mr GERALD STEINACHER (an assistant professor of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
Publisher: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

papal 教宗的

pontificate 教皇任期

classified 機密的;保密的

Henchmen 黨羽,爪牙,幫兇
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文章 Wildcat » 06-07-2017, 13:00 •  [Post 35 樓]

"NAZIS ON THE RUN: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Justice" is about how Nazis war criminals fled justice after the Second World War -- and the role played by the Red Cross, the Vatican, and the Secret Services of the great powers in helping them get away.

ON THE RUN 在趕路的途中

Henchmen 黨羽,爪牙,幫兇

fled (尤指因危險或恐懼而) 逃跑

the Red Cross 紅十字會

the Vatican 羅馬教皇;梵蒂岡;羅馬教廷

secret service (政府的) 特務情報機關,特務部門
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文章 Wildcat » 06-07-2017, 21:43 •  [Post 36 樓]

感懷婦難, 終身少買日貨 ...

From Ms Vautrin’s Diary

At 2: 45 Mr . Rabe and Lewis came to take me to a band concert at the Japanese Embassy. None of us had the heart to go but felt that we should …
and when the Japanese proudly played “Warela no Guneai,” “Our Army,” the destroyed cities, desolate country side, RAPED women and girls, kept ever before me – I don’t think I heard the music. Perhaps TWENTY westerners were present representing German, English and Americans, and the JAPANESE Embassy men tried to help us FORGET.

THE UNDAUNTED WOMEN OF NANKING: THE WARTIME DIARIES OF MS MINNIE VAUTRIN AND MS TSEN SHUI-FANG

Author: Edited and translated by Ms Hua-ling Hu and Mr Zhang Lian-hong
Publisher: SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY PRESS

Embassy 大使館

desolate 荒涼的,荒無人煙的
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文章 Wildcat » 06-07-2017, 21:44 •  [Post 37 樓]

The Hungarian aid committee in Rome (the Vatican City was/ is a country located within the city of Rome) was particularly active in the emigration of individuals with criminal or fascist pasts. The Hungarian subcommittee of the PAPAL aid organization and the Hungarian branch of CARITAS applied for thousands of visas from South American states, an especially large number of them from Peru. These activities extended far into the 1950s …
The Slovenian committee at 8 Via dei Colli in Rome also helped former members of the Slovenian Home Guard, the Domobranci – who had formerly fought FOR the Germans AGAINST the partisans – and Catholic clerics. Simple but effective means to protect against deportation were identity papers and DEnazification certificates issued BY VATICAN offices.

NAZIS ON THE RUN: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Justice

Author: Mr GERALD STEINACHER (an assistant professor of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
Publisher: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Hungarian 來自匈牙利的;匈牙利的

Vatican City 梵蒂岡城

emigration 移居外國;移民

fascist (基於或支持) 法西斯主義的

subcommittee (委員會下設的) 小組委員會,專門小組

PAPAL 教宗的

CARITAS (國際) 明愛

Peru 秘魯

extended 延續 (時間)

partisans (淪陷區內的) 遊擊隊員,武裝抗敵分子

clerics 教士,牧師;神職人員

means 方法,手段

deportation 驅逐出境

DEnazification 除去納粹化

Henchmen 黨羽,爪牙,幫兇
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文章 Wildcat » 07-07-2017, 11:47 •  [Post 38 樓]

During the infamous “RAPE of Nanking,” a brutal military occupation of Nanking, China, that began in December 1937, it is estimated that Japanese soldiers killed between 200,000 and 300,000 Chinese and RAPED between 20,000 and 80,000 women. In response to the atrocities, a group of westerners organized the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone and attempted to shelter refugees. Among these humanitarian heroes was Ms Minnie Vautrin, an American missionary and acting president of Ginling College. She and Ms Tsen Shui-fang, her Chinese assistant and trained nurse, turned the college into a refugee camp, which protected more than 10,000 women during the height of the ordeal. Even though both women were exhausted mentally and physically from caring for so many, they kept detailed diaries during the massacre.

THE UNDAUNTED WOMEN OF NANKING: THE WARTIME DIARIES OF MS MINNIE VAUTRIN AND MS TSEN SHUI-FANG

Author: Edited and translated by Ms Hua-ling Hu and Mr Zhang Lian-hong
Publisher: SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY PRESS

infamous 臭名昭著的,聲名狼藉的

brutal 野蠻的,殘忍的;獸性的

missionary 傳教士

ordeal 磨難;苦難;嚴峻考驗;煎熬

exhausted 極其疲憊的;精疲力竭的
最後由 Wildcat 於 09-07-2017, 14:08 編輯,總共編輯了 3 次。
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文章 Wildcat » 07-07-2017, 12:19 •  [Post 39 樓]

Nazi on the run details the International Committee of the Red Cross's (ICRC's) entanglement in the rescue operation that was exploited by fugitives and shows what the leaders of the organization actually knew. It established BEYOND doubt that Paul Ruegger, then president of the ICRC was aware that Red Cross travel documents were NOT always going into the right hands, BUT that he nevertheless chose NOT to intervene. Again, a question about the LACK of proper action on the part of the ICRC must BE asked: WHY did the Committee NOT act quickly and effectively when the massive scale of the travel documents scandals became known ? Once more, practical considerations came into play. The ICRC apparently saw the cases related to the scandal as just a few 'bad apples' in the huge throng of DPs and did not want this matter to jeopardize its whole refugee assistant programme. Whenever the question (i.e. WHY Hilter's Henchmen could fled justice ?) came up, Red Cross officials were quick to INSIST that the Allies and the VATICAN were ULTIMATELY responsible FOR weeding out suspect cases. This book identifies a chain of deferred responsibility.

NAZIS ON THE RUN: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Justice

Author: Mr GERALD STEINACHER (an assistant professor of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
Publisher: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

entanglement 糾纏;糾葛;牽連

exploit (出於私利) 利用;剝削

fugitives 逃亡者,逃犯;難民

scandals 醜行;醜聞;震驚;反感

come into play 開始活動;投入使用;起作用

throng 人群;群眾

jeopardize 使處於危險境地;危及,損害

the VATICAN 羅馬教皇;梵蒂岡;羅馬教廷

weed sth/ sb out 清除;剔除;淘汰

defer 使延期,使延緩,推遲
最後由 Wildcat 於 09-07-2017, 14:18 編輯,總共編輯了 3 次。
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Re: 感懷婦難、國難、猶難, 終身少買日、德、IBM、意貨, 少往日、德、意遊 ...

文章 Wildcat » 07-07-2017, 13:42 •  [Post 40 樓]

How Hilter's Henchmen Fled Justice ?

Denazification through Baptism

Oswald Pohl, as HEAD of the SS Head Administrative Office, was CONSIDERABLY involved in the exploitation of Nazi concentration camps' inmates. After the surrender of Nazi Germany, Pohl was condemned to death, and was awaiting his execution in the fortress of Landsberg am Lech. There the MASS murderer found his way back to Christ; he was re-baptized on instructions from the above and confirmed a year later. Pohl was now able to RELY on the intercession of CATHOLIC dignitaries, who asked the Allies to SPARE his life.

Encouraged by prison priest Karl Morgenschweis and with the imprimatur of the church, the 'former GENERAL of the Waffen-SS' had been able to give an account of his conversion to the Roman CATHOLIC Church in the summer of 1950 in a brochure in an edition of 9,000 copies. Morgenschweis wanted to INCORPORATE the SS man's conversion story into the CATHOLIC tradition and PLACE Oswald Pohl (i.e. the MASS murderer) besides St Augustine.

NAZIS ON THE RUN: How Hitler's Henchmen Fled Justice

Author: Mr GERALD STEINACHER (an assistant professor of History at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
Publisher: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Henchmen 黨羽,爪牙,幫兇

Denazification 除去納粹化

Baptism (基督教的) 洗禮,浸禮

CONSIDERABLY 相當大地;相當多地;非常可觀地;相當重要地

exploitation (出於私利的) 利用;剝削

Nazi concentration camp 納粹集中營

inmates (監獄中的) 囚犯;(精神病院中的) 病人

condemn sb to sth 使 (某人) 遭受

await 等待;將降臨在 (某人身上)

MASS murderer 大屠殺的劊子手

intercession 求情,說情

CATHOLIC 天主教徒/天主教的

dignitaries 要人,顯要人物,要員

SPARE = save 饒恕;不傷害;不毀壞

imprimatur (正式的) 批准,認可

Waffen-SS 納粹武裝黨衛軍

account 報導;報告;記述;描述

conversion 改變,轉變;轉化

the Roman Catholic Church 天主教會,羅馬公教會

brochure 小冊子;資料 (或廣告) 手冊

INCORPORATE 包含;將…包括在內
最後由 Wildcat 於 11-07-2017, 11:44 編輯,總共編輯了 5 次。
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