Now, in the twenty-first century, the West finds itself attacked by an ideology whose goal is to remodel the world’s politics to conform as closely as possible to the convictions of seventh-century desert tribesmen. Many adherents to this ideology believe it is rational to kill Westerners as part of an effort to bring down all Enlightenment institutions worldwide, and even Westerners who know nothing about jihadi Salafism are forced to spend their tax dollars and time because of the expensive measures (military campaigns, security in cities and airports) that the West has taken against this threat. Jihadi Salafism is so alien to modernity that efforts to resist it are unlikely to bring welcome reforms at home. Rather, the struggle against jihadi Salafism has so far mostly meant increased powers of secret surveillance and state coercion within Western countries, which enlightened defenders of individual freedom and democratic accountability will view with great dismay.
The jahadi Salafist threat was NOT inevitable; there was NOT necessity that the West would be "balanced" by Islamic medievalism ...
This threat is not just a historical anomaly: a black swan flying a black flag. Many elements combine to explain the origins and growth of jihadi Salafism, including Western political support for its long-time Saudi ally, the yearnings of young Muslims worldwide for more opportunities and recognition, and the encouragement of extremism from other Gulf oil states like Qatar, Kuwait, and the UAE. Still, one crucial factor was that Saudi regime chose to strengthen itself by spending from its massive petrorevenues to imprint Salafist ideology more deeply on its own people and, along with its own people, to fund Salafist schools, preachers, and soldiers throughout the world. Because of effectiveness for resources, the world's consumers unwittingly gave Saudi Arabia the financial backing to spread extremism for decades on a world-historical scale. The Global JIHADI Movement that we NOW see would NOT exist WITHOUT that OIL money.
Author: Professor Leif Wenar
Publisher: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
jihadi: a Muslim who is fighting for Islam, especially a radical ( = someone with extremeviews) who believes in using violence to achieve religious and political aims
accountability: a situation in which someone is responsible for things that happen and can give a satisfactory reason for them
The Gulf states include Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the UAE. 海灣國家包括伊朗、伊拉克、沙烏地阿拉伯、科威特、巴林、阿曼、卡塔爾以及阿拉伯聯合酋長國。
petrorevenue (政府的) 石油稅收，石油歲入；(公司的) 石油收益
backing 支持，援助；(尤指) 資助